A Tale of Two Germanys.

(Atomium Press 1990)

Told with words, maps and photographs, this story tells the gripping story of the events that led to the historic fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989. Then stunning coloured shots, taken in the East by Jons Michael Voss, a West German photographer, and in the West by Volker Döring, an Easter German photographer, visually compare life in the two parts of this rapidly re-uniting country. Beauty lies in the eye of the beholder, and so too does the critical spirit, as street scenes and shopping succeed transport and industrial scenes, framing and the environment, home and family, young people and old, art and culture, sport, nightlife and leisure. The historical and geographical development of this nation that sits so solidly at the centre of Europe, holding the key to its economic and military security, is beautifully told and illustrated with everyday scenes of differences that are fast disappearing.

Eminent Europeans: Personalities who shaped contemporary Europe.

(Edited by Martyn Bond,  Julie Smith and William Wallace.  Greycoat Press 1996)

The aim of this volume is to provide and insight, for readers who have come of age in a peaceful and integrated continent and who take its hard-won achievements for granted, into the motivations of some of the leading personalities who shaped Western Europe and the Institutions of the European Communities. With active American support and under Communist threat, they set out to rebuild state structures and national legitimacy within a broader European framework. Monnet and Adenauer, Spaak and Schuman, Hallstein and Spinelli, Macmillan and Mitterrand, Willy Brandt and Helmut Schmidt, Thatcher, Kohl and Delors, Antal in Hungary and Havel in Czechoslovakia and Gorbachev in Russia, all played their different parts.

Roy Jenkins wrote in the Preface: “All the four great themes in the European symphony of the past fifty years are well developed here. First there is the story of the founding fathers and of the success of the Six. Alongside this is the crucial off-stage and mostly supportive role of the Americans. Also a little apart – but for different reasons – there is the endemic semi-detachment of the British, except when the Single Market was being created, for that was an affair of packages and not ideology, and therefore acceptable. Fourthly, perhaps the most important issue facing Europe today, the consequences of the lifting of the Iron Curtain and the extension of the idea of Europe to the whole continent rather than just its Western part are treated in several well-informed essays. Some essays are very funny; others light up little-known clefts of ground. They all help to give a sense of background and perspective to a European debate which in Britain tends to be obsessive without being illuminating.”

Europe’s Wider Loyalties: Global Responsibilities for the New Europe.

(Edited by Martyn Bond and David Barton. Federal Trust for Education and Research 2001)

This volume is both descriptive and prescriptive. Following the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and the US response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 1991, its thoughtful essays reflect the ‘wider loyalties’ that Europe owes by virtue of the values for which it stands, partly shared and partly distinct from other major world powers.

With an introduction by Chis Patten, EU Commissioner for External Affairs, and a concluding statement by Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations, this volume surveys topics as diverse as defence and security, population trends, the role of the UN, the future of the Balkans, religion and conflict, the prospects for democracy, relations with the developing world and the trials and tribulations of globalisation.

Whether the contributors are concerned with trade or aid, with immigration or with human rights, with the role of Western culture or the spread of democratic government, with foreign affairs or with inter-faith dialogue, the focus of their attention is the interface between Europe and the wider world. As the European Union draws its members closer together, so they have the opportunity to play a greater role in that wider world.

Europe, Parliament and the Media.

(The Federal Trust for Education and Research 2004)

Europe is a political reality and has been so for many years. European politicians strive to make the Union and its activities as relevant to the electorate as possible. Yet the turnout at successive European elections has fallen. National governments strive to gain credit for the successes they achieve in European negotiations, yet electorates grow more and more sceptical of their involvement in the European Union. This disjuncture is becoming patent, and political leaders at the highest level are seriously concerned with the growing disenchantment of the public with politics generally and with the European project specifically.

The essays in this volume relate to three inter-locking themes: popular perceptions of Europe, public participation in politics, and the role of the mass media. They touch on wider issues such as the declining attractiveness of representational democracy in contemporary society and the constraints imposed – some might say the opportunities offered – by modern technological developments affecting the media. But central to the focus of the book is the European Parliament, which embodies perhaps more clearly than any other of the European Institutions the democratic paradox: declining voter turnout at European elections at the same time as the European Parliament is gaining more and more powers and responsibilities.

The Council of Europe. Structure, history and issues in European politics

(Taylor and Francis 2013)

The Council of Europe is seldom acknowledged as the forum in which key developments in Europe have taken place. But it was in many ways the midwife of the European integration project in the 1950s. Equally the Council of Europe was the place where the warming of relations between Western Europe and its Eastern European neighbours was encouraged in the 1980s, ensuring that the continent was not completely unprepared for the fall of the Berlin Wall or the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

To say that the Council of Europe has been a foundation block for the reconstruction and integration of Europe is not an overstatement. The set of western liberal values on which it was founded after the Second World War has weathered three generations of turbulent history to now represent a forum for a much larger collection of member states than in its early, formative years. The balance between the rule of law and the pressure of politics, between the judiciary and the executive, is at the centre of the debate about human rights and the ethical standards by which our societies live. The Council of Europe is the melting pot where these pressures come together.

An Introduction to the European Convention on Human Rights.

(Council of Europe, second ed. 2018)

Like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, promulgated by the United Nations in 1948, the 1953 European Convention on Human Rights was product of its time, the years immediately following the Second World War. European leaders agreed to protect their citizens from the abuse of human rights which was so prevalent in recent European history under the dictators and during the War. With the watchword of “Never again!” European states established the Court of Human Rights in which individuals could bring cases concerning the abuse of human rights, and created a mechanism by which they could collectively enforcement of judgments in favour of individuals and against sates.

This book offers a guide for the general reader to some of the key issues of human rights in Europe. If you are interested in knowing more about human rights – your rights – you will find out here how the Council of Europe protects and promotes them. The first part of the book lists the rights in the European Convention on Human Rights and its various protocols; a second section describes some of the wide range of cases that illuminate how these rights affect people in practice; a third section describes how the European Court of Human Rights functions; and a fourth part describes how the Council of Europe in many other ways protects and promotes human rights across the continent. Finally, another section comments on how human rights in Europe may expand and be strengthened in the future.

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